Online dummy games like bridge and spades classic card games require skill, strategy, and communication between partners. A key skill to master is bidding – the process of letting your partner knows details about your hand so you strategize together. Bidding is a back-and-forth process before game play where partners relay information about their hands to each other through a series of bids. The bids you to communicate details about the number of cards you have in each suit and how many tricks you think your partnership take based on the strength of your cards. The bids start low and increase in increments, with each partner either passing or making a higher bid. The bidding continues until 3 consecutive passes occur, ending the bidding phase. The last bid that wasn’t passed becomes the contract for the game – the number of tricks the partnership must take to earn points.
Why is bidding important?
Bidding allows you and your partner to develop a coordinated strategy based on combined information about both hands. Without bidding, you’d be playing ดัมมี่ออนไลน์ blind, unsure how strong your partner’s hand is. Effective bidding results in choosing the optimal contract that aligns with the combined strength of your hands. Mastering bidding takes practice, but is essential for success. You want to communicate enough information without giving too much away to the opponents. Skilled bidding uses efficiency and accuracy to paint a picture of your hand for your partner while keeping key details hidden from competitors.
Other key bidding terms:
- Suit Strength: The number of cards you have in a particular suit. More cards generally mean greater strength in that suit.
- Overcall: To place a bid after an opponent has already opened bidding shows strength in that suit.
- Pre-emptive Bid: An early bid at a high level made to interfere with opponents’ bidding communication.
- Opening Bid: The first bid made by any player which establishes the suit and number to beat.
- Response: The first bid made by the opening bidder’s partner.
- Force Bid: A bid by responder that forces opener to bid again, instead of passing.
Determining your opening bid
Your opening bid will set the tone for the auction, so bid carefully! Follow these guidelines:
- Bid your longest suit. If equal length, prefer hearts, then spades, diamonds, clubs.
- Bid 1 of a suit with 3-4 cards or 13-15 high card points (HCP).
- With 5+ cards in a suit, open at the 1 or 2 level depending on hand strength.
- With a balanced hand (no long suit), no suit over 5 cards, and 12-14 HCP, open 1NT.
- Make a preemptive opening bid (jump to 3+ level) with 6+ cards in suit and weak HCP.
With experience, you’ll learn more advanced opening bid strategies. But stick to these basic rules when starting out.